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Subordinating Conjunctions

A subordinating conjunction joins a clause to another on which it depends for its full meaning. Clauses that follow subordinating conjunctions are called subordinate clauses.Examples of subordinating conjunctions are: after, because, if, that, though, although, till, before, unless, as, when, where, while etc.

  • As he was not there I left a message with his mother.
  • Answer the first question before you proceed further.
  • I have not seen him since he was a boy.
  • I must go now as I have some work to do.
  • I think that he is trustworthy.

A subordinating conjunction together with its following clause acts like a part of the other clause.

  • I will phone you when I arrive.
  • I will phone you tomorrow.

The clause when I arrive is similar to tomorrow – it acts like an adverb in the clause I will phone you...

  • He told me that he loved me.
  • He told me a story.

The clause that he loved me is similar to a story – it acts like the object in the clause He told me …

Position of subordinate clauses

Adverbial subordinating conjunctions and their clauses can go either at the beginning or end of sentences (depending on what is to be emphasized).

  • You will pass if you work hard.
  • If you work hard, you will pass.
  • As he was not ready, we went without him.
  • We went without him as he was not ready.
  • When I am late, my father takes me to school.
  • My father takes me to school when I am late.
  • He works hard though he is weak.
  • Though he is weak, he works hard.

Note that when a subordinate clause begins a sentence it is more often separated by a comma.

Leaving words out

Words for repeated ideas cannot normally be left out in subordinating clauses. However, after if, when, while, until, unless and although, a pronoun subject and the verb be can often be dropped.

  • We will wait if necessary. (= … if it is necessary.)
  • When in Rome, do as Romans do. (= When you are in
    Rome, …)
Category: Conjunctions | Added by: Teacher_Koce (2014-03-03)
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