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When -ing forms are used like nouns, they are often called gerunds.
Note that a gerund is used like a noun. But when there is a noun which has a similar meaning to an -ing form, the noun is preferred.
Forms of the gerund
Note the structure of present, perfect, passive and negative –ing forms.
A gerund can be the subject, object, object of a preposition or complement of a verb.
Gerund with its own object
A gerund can have its own object.
But note that when an –ing form is used with an article, it cannot usually have a direct object. Instead, we can use an of-structure.
Object pronouns before –ing forms
Determiners and possessives are often used with –ing forms.
In an informal style, it is more common to use object pronouns (like John, me, him, you) instead of possessives (your, his, my, John’s) with –ing forms.
Object forms are also preferred when the gerund is in the passive form or when the noun denotes a lifeless thing.
Some verbs (e.g. see, hear, watch, feel) are normally followed by object + -ing form.
It as a preparatory subject
When the subject is a phrase that includes a gerund, 'it' is often used as a preparatory subject to begin the sentence.
The structure is particularly common with any/no good, any/no use, worth etc.
|Category: -ing (gerund) forms | Added by: Teacher_Koce (2014-01-07)|
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Answer: Both forms end in -ing. Nevertheless it is easy to find out whether it is a Gerund or a Progressive form.
Progressive tenses (they express an action viewed as being in progress so you can not use verbs like know, like, hate, love etc.)
These tenses are formed with to be and the infinitive + - ing.
He is reading a book.
He was reading a book.
He has been reading a book for three hours.
He had been reading a book before Mary came in.
He will be reading a book when I get home.
The Gerund is formed only with infinitive + - ing.
Reading books is great fun.
He likes reading books.
He is looking forward to reading books at the weekend.
He is keen on reading books.
He is used to reading books.