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Copular verbs (Linking verbs)
We use a special kind of verb to join two parts of a sentence and to express either that the two parts denote the same thing or that the first has the property denoted by the second. These verbs are called copulas or copular verbs.
Common copular verbs are: be, seem, look, turn, become, appear, sound, smell, taste, feel and get.
Words That Are True Linking Verbs
Some words are always linking verbs. These are considered "true." They do not describe the action, but always connect the subject to additional information. The most common true linking verbs are forms of "to be," "to become" and "to seem."
Forms of "to be"
Forms of "to become"
Forms of "to seem"
Any time you see these words in a sentence, you know they are performing a linking or connective function in showing a relationship or describing a state.
Determining Other Linking Verbs
In addition to true linking verbs, there are also many verbs that can exist either as action verbs or linking verbs. These are also called resultative verbs. Verbs related to the five senses often function in this way.
Common verbs that can exist as either action verbs or linking verbs include:
Testing for Linking Verbs
Since these verbs can function as either action verbs or copular verbs, how do you make the distinction? A common test is to replace the verb you suspect in the sentence with an appropriate form of a true linking verb.
For example, take these two sentences:
For more information, check out Examples of Linking Verbs.
Additional Online Resources for Teachers
Teachers in upper elementary and middle school may need to include lessons on linking verbs in their curriculum. ESL students may also be learning about distinguishing this verb type.
Along with repetition, identification worksheets and quizzes work well for many teachers. There are many online grammar exercises and resources available for teaching, learning, and understanding copular verbs, including:
Adjectives after copular verbs
Copular verbs are followed by adjectives, not adverbs.
Note that some copular verbs are also used with other meanings as ordinary non-copular verbs. They are then used with adverbs, not adjectives. Examples are: appear, look, taste and feel.
|Category: Linking verbs | Added by: Teacher_Koce (2014-03-03)|
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