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Both & both of

Both means 'the one and also the other of two persons/things etc'.

  • I want both books. 
  • Both shirts are good. 

Both and both of

Before a noun with a determiner (the, this, my, your, those etc.) both andboth of are both possible. In American English, both of is common.

  • I want both (of) these books.

Before a personal pronoun we use both of. Note that both of is followed by the object form of the pronoun.

  • Both of them are good. 
  • Both of us want to go.

Note that both of us/you/them can be the subject or object of a clause.

  • She has invited both of us. (object) 
  • Both of us have been invited. (subject)
  • Give my love to both of them. (object) 

Both can be put after pronouns used as objects.

  • She has invited us both.
  • She has sent you both her love. 

Both and neither

To mean 'none of the two', we use neither, not both…not.

  • Neither of them came. (NOT Both of them did not come.) 

We often drop the or a possessive after both.

  • You can take both shirts. (NOT…both the shirts.) 
  • He lost both parents when he was a child. (NOT … both his parents…)

Position of both

When both refers to the subject of a clause, it can go with the verb. It is put after auxiliary verbs and before other verbs. When there are two auxiliary verbs, both usually goes after the first.

  • They are both good.
  • We both want to go.
  • We have both been invited.
  • They have both gone home.

Note that these meanings can also be expressed by using the structureboth (of) + noun/pronoun.

  • Both of them are good.
  • Both of us want to go.
  • Both of us have been invited.
  • Both of them have gone home.

Both … and …

The same kind of words or expressions usually follow both and and.

  • She is both beautiful and clever. (adjectives)
  • She both sings and dances. (verbs)
Category: Problem Points | Added by: Teacher_Koce (2014-04-26)
Views: 628 | Tags: bulgarian teacher, Usage, Both & both, the best teacher, english online lessons, Both, private teacher
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